Gender and division of labour are a longstanding debate in sociology. Gender refers to the characteristic differences between masculinity and femininity. Division of labour refers to the concept of the division of duties in social spheres. Both these concepts put together determine the idea of sexual division in labour. Sexual division of labour are the roles given to both the genders while staying within the confines of a social sphere. Traditionally, women have a prominent role in the private sphere pertaining to housekeeping and caring for the children. On the other hand, men have a more public role that involves bread earning.
Patriarchy is what generally influences the sexual division of labour. The supremacy of the male prohibits females from realizing their full potential. The public sphere dominated by men, leads to the generation of income, self-actualisation and is generally prized by society. The private sphere dominated by domesticity is manly the woman’s domain. It does not generate wealth or lead to any sort of monetary rewards. The domestic sphere is not prized by society or held as a benchmark for success. As opposed to it all, it is considered a responsibility.
Patriarchal norms form the basis of the sexual division of labour. It fuels the entire economic debate.
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