Lord of the Flies, a dystopian novel written by William Golding (1911 – 1993) in 1954 comprises of Twelve Chapters that feature a group of British boys who tried to govern themselves when they were stuck in an uninhabited Island. The novel begins with a plane carrying the boys crashing in the uninhibited Island, and their search for habitable Island and signs of lives, during which they underwent many ordeals that test their human behaviour and nature. The essence of this novel is thus the study of 'human nature' which is traced back to many of the contributions made by the ancient religious texts, Enlightenment philosophy, and Reformation ideologies . For making the underlying theme to remain rooted in thousands of years of thoughts and writings, the novel has carved out a niche in displaying itself as a timeless work applicable even to these days.
The underlying theme of this novel is adventure, but the text can be seen from various points of views. These include the human nature and behaviour which are relevant in everyday lives; exploration of the concepts of civilization and savagery, with such theoretical concepts being related to the British imperialism; types of education and the hierarchy that were manifested during the time of Golding and which he applied to different text’s protagonists; the nature of isolation; and how human find susceptibility to evil, superstition, and individualism in such environment . Many of the questions that the novel has raised are rather psychological-behavioural in nature, in a sense that the text attempts to give how human are conditioned by their surrounding environment . In addition to this, what remains compelling about the novel for the audience is that the novel is a collision of science and rationality; yet, it is also persistently sensitive to spiritual aspects of the world that brings out the in depth social realism of Golding's time . In fact, religious approaches of the Anglican and the Calvinists are strongly seen in this novel, especially when it comes to the matter of sin. Biblical allusions on many matters regarding the good and the bad are described here, and this context actually helps the story in interweaving the plot around human behaviour that weighs on the 'individual's welfare’ and the ‘common good' .
The novel no doubt started with spark of debates on the brutality of human nature analysed in this novel when it was first published, and it continues to invoke passionate debate up to modern days, since many of the underlying features surrounding the portrayal of human nature still finds relevance in contemporary world and thinking. However, for its passionate analysis on the conduct of human nature at the point of normality and dystopian situations, the text continues to remain a cult favourite among students and literary figures . The never ending engaging thoughts the novel has to give to the readers, it has become the classic of the dystopia genre of thoughts.
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