A vaccine is a type of drug that is administered to people to prevent people from contracting a particular disease. Therefore, vaccination is the process of administering a form of drug or substance to either children or the adult to prevent them from a particular disease. A vaccine can be administered in the form of injection, tablet or suspension. Besides, the quantity to be administered mainly depends on the age of the vaccine receiver.
Vaccination is crucial especially in less developed or developing countries due to the low national economic standards, therefore, low living standards and inadequate health services and facilities. Due to the poor living standards in these countries people may even lack access to very basic food like a balanced diet and proper shelter leaving them exposed to various diseases thus the need for vaccination. In the recent years, there has been a debate in these countries whether to continue with certain forms of vaccination or to do away with them. Headed by church leaders, the campaign against vaccination gets hotter but the government and health officers continue pushing for vaccination claiming that it is essential to the national health.
Most parents want and dream of the best for their children especially health wise. The best protection parent can offer their children are vaccinating them against various diseases. Vaccination has numerous benefits that include saving a child’s life. Advances in medical sciences have helped in protecting children against many diseases that once killed or injured many children. Effective and safe vaccines have helped in eliminating many diseases that were of a significant threat to children’s lives. For example, in the case of polio, a disease that once caused paralysis and death among children in developed countries like the USA is now extinct in the USA.
Secondly, vaccination is safe and effective. Although vaccination through injection is followed by some negative side effects like allergic reactions and pain, the long-term benefits of vaccination are more compared to the short-term side effects. Vaccination helps in preventing the adverse effects associated with the disease in a safer and effective manner. Vaccination also helps in saving money and time. Due to the dire effects associated with these diseases, prevention helps avert the cost associated with the treatment of the diseases and the time spent taking care of the ill.
In less developed countries, vaccination has been perceived as a way of family planning that is practised in early childhood development stages. Despite the pain and allergies associated with vaccination, it is perceived as a way of controlling the population of developing countries by the west.
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